ALBERT EINSTEIN 2023: The text discusses

Read the text to answer questions from 11 to 14 . In the late 1960s, following the Apollo 11 Moon landings, the three astronauts were waitin...
Read the text to answer questions from 11 to 14.

In the late 1960s, following the Apollo 11 Moon landings, the three astronauts were waiting to be picked up inside their capsule floating in the Pacific Ocean — and they were hot and uncomfortable. NASA officials decided to make things more pleasant for their three national heroes. The downside? There was a small possibility of unleashing deadly alien microbes on Earth.

When humanity first made plans to send probes and people into space in the mid-20th Century, the issue of contamination came up. Firstly, there was the fear of “forward” contamination — the possibility that Earth-based life might accidentally hitch a ride into the cosmos. Spacecraft needed to be sterilised and carefully packaged before launch. If microbes silently moved onboard, it would confuse any attempts to detect alien life. And if there were extra-terrestrial organisms out there, we might end up inadvertently killing them with Earth-based bacteria or viruses. These concerns matter just as much today as they did back in the Space Race era.

A second concern was “back” contamination. This was the idea that astronauts, rockets or probes returning to Earth might bring back life that could prove catastrophic, either by consuming all our oxygen or outcompeting Earth organisms. 

What if the astronauts brought back something dangerous? At the time, the probability was not considered high, but still, the scenario had to be explored. “Maybe it’s sure to 99% that Apollo 11 will not bring back lunar organisms,” said one influential scientist at the time, “but even that 1% of uncertainty is too large to be complacent about.”

NASA put several quarantine measures in place — in some cases, a little reluctantly. Concerned officials from the US Public Health Service argued for stricter measures than initially planned, pointing out that they had the power to refuse border entry to contaminated astronauts. NASA then agreed to install a costly quarantine facility on the ship that would pick up the men from their splashdown in the Pacific Ocean. 

It was also agreed that the lunar explorers would then spend three weeks in isolation before they could hug their families or shake the hand of the president.
(Richard Fisher., 18.02.2021. Adapted.)

ALBERT EINSTEIN 2023: The text discusses

(A) crucial decisions regarding the safety of astronauts in outer space.

(B) NASA’s deep concerns about the well-being of the Apollo 11 lunar explorers.

(C) misunderstandings between NASA and other American agencies regarding Apollo 11.

(D) potentially catastrophic outcomes of capsules landing on an open-ocean area.

(E) types of possible contamination between the Earth and other outer space locations.

(E) types of possible contamination between the Earth and other outer space locations.



Enade,23,Enem,3,Exercícios,91,Exercícios de Alemão,1,Exercícios de Biologia,4,Exercícios de Ciências,3,Exercícios de Ciências da Natureza,1,Exercícios de Ciências Humanas,1,Exercícios de Educação Infantil,2,Exercícios de Espanhol,3,Exercícios de Filosofia,2,Exercícios de Física,6,Exercícios de Francês,3,Exercícios de Geografia,10,Exercícios de História,7,Exercícios de Inglês,5,Exercícios de Italiano,1,Exercícios de Linguagens,1,Exercícios de Literatura,3,Exercícios de Matemática,13,Exercícios de Português,13,Exercícios de Química,7,Exercícios de Redação,1,Exercícios de Sociologia,4,Exercícios Ensino Fundamental,1,Questões,2629,Questões da OAB,80,Questões da OBMEP,82,Questões da Santa Casa,100,Questões de Artes,40,Questões de Biologia,33,Questões de Ciências,36,Questões de Ciências da Natureza,75,Questões de Ciências Humanas,120,Questões de Espanhol,49,Questões de Filosofia,2,Questões de Física,77,Questões de Geografia,28,Questões de História,27,Questões de Inglês,51,Questões de Linguagens,119,Questões de Literatura,12,Questões de Matemática,395,Questões de Português,321,Questões de Química,48,Questões de Redação,4,Questões de Sociologia,20,Questões de Vestibular,288,Questões do Enade,685,Questões do Enem,404,
Meus Exercícios: ALBERT EINSTEIN 2023: The text discusses
ALBERT EINSTEIN 2023: The text discusses
Meus Exercícios
Todas as Postagens Não foram encontradas postagens VEJA TODOS Leia Mais Resposta Cancelar resposta Deletar Por Home PÁGINAS POSTS Veja todos RECOMENDADOS PARA VOCÊ Tudo Sobre ARQUIVOS BUSCAR TODOS OS POSTS Nenhuma postagem foi encontrada Voltar para Home Domingo Segunda Terça Quarta Quinta Sexta Sábado Dom Seg Ter Qua Qui Sex Sáb Janeiro Fevereiro Março Abril Mai Junio Julho Agosto Setembro Outubro Novembro Dezembro Jan Fev Mar Abr Mai Jun Jul Ago Set Out Nov Dez Agora mesmo 1 minuto atrás $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hora atrás $$1$$ hours ago Ontem $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago mais de 5 semanas atrás Seguidores Seguir CONTEÚDO PREMIUM BLOQUEADO PASSO 1: Compartilhar em uma rede social PASSO 2: Clique no link na sua rede social Copiar todo o código Selecionar todo o código Todos os códigos foram copiados Não é possível copiar os códigos / textos, pressione [CTRL] + [C] para copiar Tabela de conteúdo